【摘要】：Biotite is an important hydrated ferromagnesian silicate mineral in igneous rocks and porphyry deposits. The determination of chemical compositions of biotite plays an important role in both igneous petrology and ore forming processes. This paper summarizes research results of magmatic and hydrothermal biotites exemplified by the Lakange porphyry Cu–Mo deposit and the Qulong porphyry Cu deposit in the Gangdese porphyry–skarn metallogenic belt, Tibet. Biotite mineral chemistry can provide critical insights into classification, geothermometer, geothermobarometry, oxygen fugacity, petrogenesis and tectonic setting, evaluating magmatic-hydrothermal process by halogen and halogen fugacity ratios, and distinguishing between barren and mineralized rocks. Biotite provides the latest mineralogical evidence on metallogenic prognosis and prospecting evaluation for porphyry Cu polymetallic deposits or magmatic hydrothermal deposits.